To accommodate rising populations, expanding industries, and stricter laws, wastewater treatment plants are under increasing pressure to upgrade their infrastructure. Upgrading, however, is not a simple process, and the plants may face difficulties in maintaining the wastewater treatment operations.
Things to do to overcome rising challenges
Water treatment systems have to face increasing pressure to reduce costs even as they meet stricter environmental standards. The prospects are alluring despite the numerous and complex obstacles.
The efficiency of wastewater operations as a whole can be improved by hastening their transition to cutting-edge treatment technologies.
In addition, they will lead to significant decreases in emissions, marking a significant advance in the fight against climate change. Not only that, but state-of-the-art, permanent methods of treating wastewater will improve its quality.
Major challenges faced by Wastewater Treatment Plants
The cost of electricity to run a sewage treatment facility is significant. It is estimated that 2–3% of a developed country’s electrical power, or around 60 TWh (terawatt hours), is used for wastewater treatment. For the most part, biological treatment accounts for between 50 and 60 percent of the total energy consumption of a municipal wastewater treatment facility.
Physical, chemical, and biological treatment all leave behind a residue known as sludge. Therefore, the disposal of surplus sludge produced during treatment is a significant environmental concern.
The people who run wastewater treatment plants need to have the right credentials. They are on call around the clock and are in charge of monitoring everything from electrical and instrumentation systems to leaking pipes and valves. This task becomes more strenuous whenever there is a shift in the weather or the seasons.
How to overcome these challenges?
Efficiency, effectiveness, and customer service in water and wastewater treatment plants may all be enhanced through these available options. In addition, through the efforts of optimization experts, businesses may streamline their wastewater treatment operations, increase productivity, and save expenses by as much as 20%.
Collaboration with third parties
Several businesses can supply both the management and labour necessary to maintain a functional water and wastewater system. These professionals are the best in the business when it comes to purifying water. Additionally, they may provide enhanced knowledge in operations, personnel, training, capital improvement, etc. This might free you up to focus on what you do best while simultaneously cutting costs by adopting industry standards.
Changes in technology
Alterations to the biological treatment procedures might drastically cut the treatment facility’s energy consumption. Solutions include things like using fine screens in primary treatment, using membrane technology in the aeration process and treating high concentration return which streams directly.
In an industry where uptime is crucial, water and wastewater plant managers want to guarantee system availability, effluent quality, and predictable volumes to maximize treatment or reuse. The wastewater treatment industry faces several challenges, including introducing new environmental standards and requirements, the depreciation of infrastructure and equipment, and a lack of skilled personnel, which are significant challenges in running the facilities.